Strength (abbreviated as ST) is the physical characteristic that represents:
The normal human range of ST varies between -5 and +5, with an average human female scoring +0.
The ability to lift and carry objects increases on an exponential scale with ST. Each +2 1/2 points of ST doubles the amount that a character can carry or lift; each +8 ST multiplies the amount by 10.
ST for non-human characters
To determine the ST of an animal, start with its weight (using the following table) and then apply a modifier of between -2 and +2 to reflect how tough the creature is. In exceptional cases (where a creature is able to lift many times its own weight), the referee may give a higher strength. For example, an ant is a small insect but it is tough and can lift twenty times its own weight, so its ST is -32 (rather than the -38 it would otherwise get).
|Size||Approx. weight||Approx. height*||Basic ST||If fragile, ST will be||If tough, ST will be|
|Small insect (e.g. ant)||1g||5 cm||-40||-42||-38|
|Large insect (e.g. scarab beetle, scorpion, tarantula)||2.5g||7 cm||-36||-38||-34|
|Smallest birds (e.g. hummingbird)||10g||10 cm||-32||-34||-30|
|Tiny bird (e.g. blackbird, finch) and large insects (e.g. goliath beetle, emperor scorpion)||25g||15 cm||-28||-30||-26|
|Tiny mammal (e.g. mouse, bat)||0.1 kg||20 cm||-24||-26||-22|
|Very small animal (e.g. rat, crow) and the largest bird-eating spiders||0.25 kg||35 cm||-20||-22||-18|
|Very small animal (e.g. duck, mink, raven)||1 kg||50 cm||-16||-18||-14|
|Small animal (e.g. rabbit, goose, owl)||2.5 kg||75 cm||-12||-14||-10|
|Quite small animal or large bird (e.g. spider monkey, eagle, cat, swan)||8 kg||1 m||-8||-10||-6|
|Medium-sized animal (e.g. small deer, dog, baboon, sheep)||25 kg||1.5 m||-4||-6||-2|
|Man-sized (e.g. chimpanzee, wolf, hyena, leopard, large goat)||75 kg||2 m||+0||-2||+2|
|Quite large animal (e.g. gorilla, reindeer, donkey, lion)||250 kg||3 m||+4||+2||+6|
|Large animal (e.g. camel, horse, bear, crocodile)||750 kg||4 m||+8||+6||+10|
|Very large animal (e.g. bison, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, great white shark)||2.5 tonnes||6 m||+12||+10||+14|
|Giant land animal (e.g. elephant, tyrannosaurus rex)||8 tonnes||8 m||+16||+14||+18|
|Giant sea monster (e.g. basking shark, sperm whale, giant squid) or enormous land animal (e.g. sauropod)||25 tonnes||12 m||+20||+18||+22|
|Enormous sea monster (e.g. fin whale, blue whale)||80 tonnes||16 m||+24||+22||+26|
* for bipeds - roughly halve for quadrupeds